A major new exhibition on the Mayflower will acknowledge the impact of the historic voyage on Native Americans.
Mayflower 400: Legend And Legacy at The Box in Plymouth will mark 400 years since the English ship set sail from the Devon city for the US in 1620.
Organisers say it is the largest exhibition on the Mayflower to be held in the UK and will acknowledge conflict between the settlers and Native Americans and the impact of colonisation on the indigenous population of America.
A major new exhibition on the Mayflower (pictured in a drawing by George Clarke, which will be part of the display) will acknowledge the impact of the historic voyage on Native Americans
Organisers say it is the largest exhibition on the Mayflower to be held in the UK and will acknowledge conflict between the settlers and Native Americans and the impact of colonisation on the indigenous population of America. Pictured: A ceramic cooking pot by Wampanoag artist Ramona Peters
Mayflower 400: Legend And Legacy at The Box in Plymouth (pictured) will mark 400 years since the English ship set sail from the Devon city for America in 1620
The project has been co-curated with the Wampanoag Advisory Committee, along with tribal scholars and educators, to present a Native America view
The project has been co-curated with the Wampanoag Advisory Committee, along with tribal scholars and educators, to present a Native America view.
Objects included in Legend And Legacy include the first Bible to be printed in America and the last known record of the Mayflower, describing the ship as being ‘in ruins’ and worth £128 8s 6d.
A HISTORY OF THE MAYFLOWER
The Mayflower was a three-masted ship, most likely between 90 and 110 feet long, that carried the people who came to be known a Pilgrims from England to Plymouth in 1620.
The ship was hired in London, and sailed from London to Southampton in July 1620 to begin loading food and supplies for the voyage–much of which was purchased at Southampton.
The Mayflower left Holland on 31 July 1620, joining the Speedwell in Southampton, England, for the voyage to America.
The two ships sailed on 15 August but returned because of the leaky condition of the Speedwell.
The Speedwell was eventually abandoned, and on 16 September, 102 passengers and crew aboard the Mayflower finally sailed from England.
The voyage itself across the Atlantic Ocean took 66 days, from their departure on September 6, until Cape Cod was sighted on 9 November 1620.
The Mayflower followed the land-exploring party and sailed into Plymouth, Massachusetts, harbor on 26 December, where it remained until houses could be built for the new settlement.
The Second Peirce Patent – the oldest existing state document of New England that gave Mayflower colonists English permission to settle in America – will also be on display in Plymouth for the first time.
Paula Peters, from the Wampanoag Advisory Committee, described the Mayflower as leading to disease, enslavement and massacre in the country.
‘We’re very pleased to be standing up as equals on an international platform to tell our story,’ she said.
‘So often the story of the Mayflower is just about the boat. The Mayflower lands and the pilgrims are depicted as founders, not takers.’
The exhibition, which opens with the new £40m museum on May 16, explores early English attempts to colonise America following the Mayflower setting sail.
Two new works of Wampanoag art have been commissioned by The Box – a pot by Wampanoag artist Nosapocket for the exhibition and a ceremonial belt that will be part of a nationwide tour.
More than 300 objects have been loaned from 100 museums, libraries and archives across the world, including the Peabody and Smithsonian institutes in America.
Visitors will also be able to see 17th century drawings and diaries recording the experience of the earliest English colonists, as well as maps and plans that document where some of the pilgrims had lived in Holland.
A King James Bible that was printed in 1611, on loan from Exeter Cathedral Library, will also feature.
Left: a plan of Plymouth’s Barbican, early 1600s, which will be on display as part of the major exhibition. Right: A King James Bible printed in 1611, on loan from Exeter Cathedral Library, will also be on display
There are children’s toys to remind visitors that the Mayflower passengers included 19 families, four unaccompanied children and two dogs.
The Box’s opening programme features 12 other new exhibitions across contemporary art, history, exploration, maritime and naval history, and film and photography.
More than two million artefacts, objects and artworks will be stored in the museum’s archive.
The Box’s (left) opening programme features 12 other new exhibitions across contemporary art, history, exploration, maritime and naval history, and film and photography. Right: Paula Peters, from the Wampanoag Advisory Committee, with the ceremonial belt made by Wampanoag artist Ramona Peters
Nicola Moyle, head of Heritage, Art & Film at The Box, said: ‘The Box, which will open in spring 2020 as part of Plymouth’s major Mayflower 400 commemorations, will also be renowned for its engaging and highly immersive exhibition programme.
‘The programme will integrate the contemporary and the historic to bring the past to life through the present.
‘It will showcase international visual arts and media, as well as Plymouth’s rich heritage through ambitious touring exhibitions, new commissions and the city’s permanent collections.’